FAA Control Tower and
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is the
sixth busiest airport in the world and third in the United States, offering 692
daily flights to 85 domestic cities and 928 weekly nonstop flights to 67 cities
in 34 countries on 64 passenger air carriers.
In 2013, LAX served nearly 66.7 million
passengers, processed more than 1.9 million tons of air cargo valued at over
$91.6 billion, and handled 614,917 aircraft operations (landings and takeoffs).
LAX is part of a system of three Southern
California airports – along with LA/Ontario International and Van Nuys general
aviation – that are owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports, a
proprietary department of the City of Los Angeles that receives no funding from
the City’s general fund.
A multi-billion dollar capital improvement
program is underway at LAX, generating nearly 40,000 local jobs. The
program’s centerpiece is the $1.9-billion New Tom Bradley International
Terminal Project with new gates for latest-generation aircraft; new concourses
and seating areas; new retail and food-and-beverage offerings reflecting Los
Angeles’ cuisine and culture; and expanded areas for more efficient passenger
and checked-luggage security screening, and immigration and customs processing.
There also are several major airfield and facility projects, including a
replacement Central Utility Plant, new taxiways and taxi lanes, and
multi-million-dollar renovations to other terminals undertaken by both LAWA and
For more information about LAX, please visit www.lawa.aero/lax or follow on Twitter @flyLAXAirport,
on Facebook at www.facebook.com/LAInternationalAirport, and on YouTube at www.YouTube.com/laxairport1.
Originally known as Mines Field, the LAX site began
as a general aviation field in 1928. During World War II, it was used for
military flights. Commercial airline service started in December
1946. The present terminal complex was constructed in 1961. In the
early 1980s, LAX added domestic and international terminals and a second-level
LAX is a dynamic airport that creates, attracts
and supports economic activity throughout Southern California. An
economic impact study in 2011 reported those operations at LAX generated
294,400 jobs in Los Angeles County with labor income of $13.6 billion and an
economic output of more than $39.7 billion. This activity added $2.5
billion to local and state revenuesa.
LAX is the major international cargo airport
serving Southern California – the world’s 16th largest economy. It ranks 14th in the world and
fifth in the U.S. in air cargo tonnage processed, and in 2013 processed more
than 1.9 million tons of air cargo valued at more than $91.6 billion1.
Central Terminal Area
The central complex features nine passenger
terminals connected by a U-shaped, two-level roadway. Curbside baggage check-in
is available on the Upper/Departures Level. Baggage claim and ground
transportation are on the Lower/Arrivals Level. Restaurants, cocktail
lounges, gift shops, newsstands, duty free shops for international flights,
restrooms, public telephones, business centers, airline lounges, and other
convenient services for the traveling public are located in the terminals.
Other amenities include a first-aid station in
the Tom Bradley International Terminal and Interactive Visitors Centers
(kiosks) with passenger information and direct telephone connections to area
hotels/motels, bus/limousine services, and car rental firms serving most
Southland communities. Free LAX shuttle service is provided between all
terminals and Economy Lot C.
The iconic Theme Building complex, topped by an
observation deck, features a space-age design. The Observation Deck offers
spectacular views and is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturdays and
Sundays. A cafeteria on the ground level is open to the public from 6
a.m. to 7 p.m. weekdays, and 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. on weekends.
Air Traffic Control
The 277-foot-tall air traffic control tower is
uniquely designed to service LAX’s four parallel runways. Federal Aviation
Administration employees control the air space above LAX and ground controllers
handle their duties for each of the four runways. Flight data and
gate-hold positions are operated from the central position of the tower cab.
Coast Guard Facilities
The U.S. Coast Guard Air Station provides
around–the-clock vigilance on search/rescue missions. Its personnel
conduct maritime law enforcement on oil pollution in coastal waters. The
station is located adjacent to the north runway complex.
Nearly 8,000 parking stalls are available in
eight parking structures located opposite the roadways from the passenger
terminals. In addition to the Central Terminal Area parking, LAX has a
capacity of over 4,500 parking stalls available in Economy Parking Lot C.
Free shuttle bus service to airline terminals is
provided from Lot C, located one-half mile northeast of the airport.
Adjacent to Lot C is the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) Bus
Center, which connects public bus systems with the courtesy LAX shuttle bus
service to/from the terminals provided by the airport.
Among the modes of transportation available at
LAX are: airport buses, door-to-door shuttle vans, local buses, light
rail, rental cars, taxicabs, and limousines. A free, frequent shuttle bus
connects LAX with Metro’s Green Line Light Rail, and free shuttle buses
transport passengers between airline terminals.
The LAX FlyAway® bus service provides frequent,
daily low-cost transportation between LAX and the Exposition/La Brea Metro Rail Station, Hollywood,
Santa Monica, Union Station in downtown Los Angeles, Van Nuys, and
Services for Travelers with Disabilities and the Elderly
LAX provides many services to assist passengers
or visitors with disabilities. There are extra-wide parking spaces in all
parking facilities, ramp ways and elevators along the curbs, and extra-wide
restroom stalls and Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) or
speech-impaired installed in all airline terminals. LAX also provides a
free shuttle van equipped with a lift for wheelchairs that operates between
Economy Lot C and all airline terminals. A special assistance vehicle
also is available to transport passengers with disabilities or functional needs
between terminals and aircraft gates located on the airfield.
LAX’s cargo handling facilities include the
98-acre Century Cargo Complex, the 57.4-acre Imperial Complex, the Imperial
Cargo Center, and a number of cargo facilities on the south side of the
airport. Mercury Air Cargo opened its first facility in March 1998, and
in April 2009 opened a 12,700-square-foot refrigeration facility. In 2011, Mercury opened a 16,000-square-foot
refrigeration facility and perishables center, the largest of its kind among
all U.S. West Coast airports.